South African hake trawl achieves re-certification
Mar 23, 2010
Hake from the South African trawl fishery will continue to carry the Marine Stewardship Council eco-label after successfully completing its five year re-assessment against the MSC standard. The trawl fishery comprises the inshore sector, which targets predominantly shallow water hake (Merluccius capensis) on South Africa’s South Coast, and the offshore sector, which targets mostly deep water hake (M. paradoxus), on fishing grounds extending from the Namibian border southwards along the Alguhas fringe.
The South African hake-directed trawl fishery developed in the early 1900’s and peaked in the early 1970’s. A conservative management strategy since the early 1980’s has led to a gradual recovery in catch rates. Stock rebuilding efforts are ongoing.
Sustainable fishing brings market benefits for South African hake trawl
Roy Bross, secretary of client group SADSTIA, said, “Initially we sought certification partly to celebrate the steady, painstaking recovery of domestic hake resources and partly because we wished to pursue a high sustainability standard for the fishery. We have seen, in the last five years, that MSC certification has other benefits: there is commercial advantage by way of access to other markets and buyers that place a premium on a certified product. Personally, the most gratifying benefit is the way in which certification motivates participants. Certification raises awareness of all fishing stakeholders about the need to adopt best practices with a view to the long term future of the hake resource.”
Hake is by far the most valuable fish resource in South Africa and is marketed locally as hake, cape whiting or haddock (when smoked). It is also exported frozen or chilled to the United Kingdom, France, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Italy, Germany, Holland, Australia and the USA. It is marketed as Cape capensis in the USA.
“As the first hake fishery in the world to receive MSC certification, both SADSTIA and the government should be commended for their continued efforts to ensure that this economically important fishery is managed sustainably. There is agreement among stakeholders that certification has already led to a number of improvements, particularly on the ecosystem impacts of the fishery. Continued certification will lead to further improvements and recognition in the market place of the responsible management of this valuable resource”, said Martin Purves, MSC’s Southern Africa Programme Manager.
Better management, reduced impacts
Since initial MSC certification in 2004 significant progress has been made in addressing many of the impacts of the fishery, as a consequence of the fishery being required to fulfil management plans specifying measurable improvements as part of the certification decision. These include:
• improvements in by-catch management,
• improved understanding of the structure of the stock,
• reduced impacts on the benthic habitat,
• stricter compliance monitoring, and
• significant reductions in the impact of trawling on seabird populations.
For instance both WWF South Africa and the Albatross Task Force of BirdLife South Africa have reported a greater level of cooperation with vessel operators, enabling bird observers to be deployed on regular trips out at sea. Tori lines (bird-scaring lines) are now part of permit conditions and this simple measure is estimated to have reduced seabird mortalities by about 90% since 2006. In addition, the ring-fencing initiative proposed by the fishery, means that bottom trawling is now limited to historical trawl grounds and that no new areas can be impacted. Trawlers predominantly fish on flat muddy bottoms and sandy substrates, with limited impact on sensitive reef structures. Research is ongoing to ensure that the effects of trawling on the substrate are minimised and the fishery has initiated an independent assessment of the potential for offshore Marine Protected Areas (MPAs).
Praise for the South African hake fishery
Johann Augustyn, Chief Director of Research, Antarctica & Islands, Marine and Coastal Management, said: “I congratulate the South African hake industry on the re-certification of the hake fishery, which provides independent affirmation of the sustainable status of the fishery and peace of mind for caring consumers. The Chief Directorate's research in terms of assessing the status of the stock and applying an ecosystems approach to the fishery supports the re-certification, and we pledge our continued support to the hake industry to provide the best scientific basis possible to inform the continued sustainability of the South African hake resource.”
Rupert Howes, MSC Chief Executive, added, “The re-certification of the South African hake fishery is a powerful example of how the MSC programme helps contribute to the health of the oceans – it has offered the South African hake fishery a structured framework of incentives to improve the management of stock levels and ecosystem impacts to maintain the long-term future of the fishery. I congratulate the fishery on their hard work in achieving recertification, their ongoing commitment to improvement, and their foresight in supporting the market for sustainable seafood.“
For more information on SADSTIA please visit www.sadstia.co.za
For more information on WWF South Africa please visit www.panda.org.za
For more information on BirdLife South Africa, please visit www.birdlife.org.za