Rock lobster fisherman pulling pots (photo courtesy of WAFIC)
The Western Australian rock lobster fishery gains MSC certification for a third time
Mar 11, 2012
The Western Australian rock lobster fishery – the world’s first Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fishery - is now the first fishery in the world to be certified as sustainable for a third time, following an independent assessment against the MSC’s standard for sustainable and well-managed fisheries.
Australia’s most valuable single species fishery at an estimated value of $200M per year, the Western Australian rock lobster fishery was first certified back in 2000 and was recertified in 2006. This recertification has again demonstrated - through the rigorous assessment process conducted by Scientific Certification Systems (SCS) – that the rock lobster stocks being targeted are healthy, fishing practices have minimal impact on the marine eco-system and overall the fishery is well managed.
As a result, products from this fishery can continue to bear the blue MSC ecolabel, which assures customers they are from a sustainable and well managed fishery.
About the fishery
Western rock lobsters are found in temperate to subtropical waters off the west coast of Western Australia, stretching from North West Cape in the north through to south of Cape Leeuwin, but are found with greater abundance off the mid west coast between Geraldton and Perth.
The certification covers the 250 lobster vessels operating in the fishery, which were responsible for catching 5,500mt of western rock lobster in the 2010/2011, using baited pots and traps.
The fishery has strict requirements in place including seasonal closures, minimum size requirements and a ban on catching breeding females. Data on the fishery has been kept since the 1960s and enables fisheries scientists to predict catches accurately and ensure that controls are adequate to keep the fishery operating at sustainable levels. Commercial fishers, processors and the Western Australian government work closely together to preserve the fishery’s future.
Products from this fishery are sold to markets in Australia, Taiwan, Japan, Hong Kong, China, the USA and Europe.
Fishery delivers environmental gains
As a result of the previous actions undertaken as part of its first recertification back in 2006, the fishery has continued to improve upon its environmental performance and management.
These improvements included the decision to move from an input (effort control) to an output (catch quota) management system, which controls the amount of catch fishers are able to take during the commercial season. This decision was made in close consultation with the Department of Fisheries Western Australia because of below-average reproduction rates in the fishery in recent years, and has meant a significant reduction in the volume of lobster taken from the fishery – a reduction of almost half from the 2005/06 catch – to ensure the sustainability of the rock lobster stocks.
A consequence of the introduction of these quota management measures has been a significant reduction in the number of pots being used in the fishery, which in turn has significantly reduced the fishery’s impact on the surrounding ecosystem. The fishery has also introduced Sea Lion Exclusion Devices (SLEDS) to minimise the mortality of sea lions and banned the use of bait bands that can entangle marine animals.
Certification has also significantly improved consultation procedures and communications between the fishery and industry, government and other affected stakeholders, and has helped direct the fishery’s investment in research.
Fishery committed to achieving best practice in sustainable management
As part of the current certification requirements, a number of further conditions (or required management actions) have been specified to ensure the fishery achieves global best practice across all aspects of its performance.
These conditions relate to the setting of well defined harvest control rules, the use of data in setting these control rules and the collection of data on the spatial extent of the fishery. These conditions have been agreed by the fishery, and will be met by the second annual audit in November 2013.
What the fishers say:
Nic Sofoulis, Executive Officer of the Western Rock Lobster Council, says: “There has been a significant improvement in the consultation process as a result of MSC certification with fishers having a significant input and ownership of the changes the industry recently experienced. As a consequence fishers have a better understanding of the sustainability issues. Having a third party accreditation gives the fishers confidence that their fishery will survive and prosper for future generations.”
“Being independently certified to the MSC standard greatly enhances the fishery’s sustainability credentials, as the assessment process is highly rigorous, is transparent, incorporates opportunity for stakeholder input and is subject to peer review. This gives the fishery a great deal of credibility when communicating with government, industry and ENGOs.”
“Engaging with the MSC program has provided a real impetus for change in the fishery. While some of the management actions set by the MSC to improve the fishery were something we would have gradually worked towards, the MSC program truncated this process and made these changes happen in a much shorter timeframe.”
“This third certification of the fishery to the exacting MSC standard validates what we fishers have believed for some time; that the Western Australian rock lobster fishery is one of the best managed fisheries in the world.”
What the MSC says:
Pat Caleo, MSC Manager ANZ, congratulates the fishery on its certification saying: “The third certification of the Western Australian rock lobster fishery confirms to industry buyers and consumers worldwide that it continues to be a sustainable and well managed fishery.”
“The decision to move to a catch quota management system for the sake of the long term sustainability of the fishery shows great foresight on the part of the fishers and the Department of Fisheries Western Australia.”
“As Australia’s most valuable fishery, the Western Australian rock lobster fishery has demonstrated strong leadership and a real commitment to proving and improving its sustainability. It is definitely worthy of being described as one of the world’s best managed fisheries, and the fact it entered assessment for a third time shows the MSC program is delivering solid benefits to the fishery and is a great vote of confidence in what the MSC aims to achieve.”
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Notes to Editors
The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) is an international non-profit organisation set up to help transform the seafood market to a sustainable basis. The MSC runs the only certification and ecolabelling programme for wild-capture fisheries consistent with the ISEAL Code of Good Practice for Setting Social and Environmental Standards and the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation Guidelines for the Eco-labelling of Fish and Fishery Products from Marine Capture Fisheries. These guidelines are based upon the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing and require that credible fishery certification and eco-labelling schemes include:
- Objective, third-party fishery assessment utilising scientific evidence;
- Transparent processes with built-in stakeholder consultation and objection procedures;
- Standards based on the sustainability of target species, ecosystems and management practices.
The MSC has offices in London, Seattle, Tokyo, Sydney, The Hague, Glasgow, Berlin, Cape Town, Paris, Madrid and Stockholm.
In total, over 271 fisheries are engaged in the MSC programme with 135 certified and over 136 under full assessment. Another 40 to 50 fisheries are in confidential pre-assessment. Together, fisheries already certified or in full assessment record annual catches of close to nine million metric tonnes of seafood. This represents over 10 per cent of the annual global harvest of wild capture fisheries. Certified fisheries currently land over five million metric tonnes of seafood annually – close to six per cent of the total harvest from wild capture fisheries. Worldwide, more than 13,000 seafood products, which can be traced back to the certified sustainable fisheries, bear the blue MSC ecolabel.
For more information on the work of the MSC, please visit www.msc.org.