American lobster (Homarus americanus) and European lobster (Homarus gammarus) are the only 'true' lobster species. They differ from rock lobster varieties in having smooth shells and large front claws. Their shells, which can be blue, brown or even green, turn red when cooked.
The terms "rock" and "spiny" lobster are sometimes used interchangeably. Spiny lobster, comprising several species, has a spiny, hard shell for protection (hence its name).
Spiny/rock lobster has a sweet and firm meat, while American/European lobster has a richer, more savoury flavour. Both are delicious whole-cooked and used in a variety of recipes.
Try some of our sustainable lobster recipes below!
Where to buy sustainable lobster
Use our Where to buy search to find shops and restaurants selling sustainable spiny lobster near you.
Western Australian Rock Lobster with Goan Masala and a Cucumber and Lime Salad
Grilled Western Australian Rock Lobster with a Pernod and Olive Oil Dressing
Rock Lobster, Avocado and Mango Salad with Lemongrass Vinaigrette
Oven-Fresh Focaccia with Spiny Lobsters and Roasted Artichoke Hearts
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Certified sustainable lobster fisheries
Find lobster fisheries that have met the MSC standard for sustainable fishing using our fishery search.