Amongst proposed changes are new requirements on endangered threatened and protected species, shark finning and ghost gear.
The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) has released its proposed updates to the MSC Fisheries Standard. Stakeholders are invited to review and feedback on the proposals online until Monday 4 April.
The MSC Fisheries Standard is the leading international standard for sustainable fishing. More than 446 fisheries, representing 17% global wild marine harvest, are certified to the Standard.
Requirements within the MSC Fisheries Standard are regularly reviewed to reflect best practice in fisheries management. The current Fisheries Standard Review started in 2018 and has involved the most extensive consultation ever undertaken by the organisation, with the participation of over one thousand stakeholders. Following approval of the draft Standard by the MSC’s Board of Trustees, the process is now entering its final stage with a 60-day public review.
The proposed Standard contains significant improvements which will ensure that MSC certified fisheries continue to be recognised as world leaders in sustainability. It is the culmination of 16 in-depth projects to review the Standard. These projects all involved extensive research and stakeholder consultation, with many incorporating independent analysis of fisheries management.
The draft Standard proposals, if adopted, will make improvements to MSC’s requirements in key areas identified through initial rounds of consultation. These include:
requirements on endangered, threatened, and
protected (ETP) species including a new method for
classifying species as ETP. The method combines approaches from marine
conservation and fisheries management to identify species and stocks in
need of additional protection. As a result, protection will be more
targeted with fisheries expected to eliminate or minimise their impacts on
such species to enable their populations to recover.
- Shark finning is already
prohibited in MSC certified
fisheries, but to strengthen the MSC’s requirements further all fisheries
retaining sharks will be required to have a Fins Naturally Attached (FNA)
policy, without exception. A FNA policy means all sharks retained by
the fishery must be landed with their fins attached. The proposal
has been informed by consultations and independent research which showed
that FNA was the most viable policy option to ensure shark-finning is not
MSC’s requirements for fishing gear lost
or discarded at sea are to be strengthened. To
minimise the risk of unintentional capture or entanglement of marine life
in ghost gear, fisheries will need to implement management measures to
prevent the loss of fishing gear, and to minimise its impacts when it is
lost or discarded.
- The complexity of the Standard has been reduced where possible with the objective of making assessments more efficient. Whilst fisheries must still attain the same level of performance, the entire standard was reviewed to simplify language, remove ambiguity, and reduce the number of indicators that fisheries are assessed to. As a result, the number of scoring issues has been reduced overall.
Dr Rohan Currey, Chief Science & Standards Officer at the Marine Stewardship Council said: “The past 30 years have seen significant strides made in sustainable fishing. New science, technology and regulation have transformed the way we fish and manage our ocean resources. Yet overfishing and the deterioration of our oceans continues.
“The next 8 years will see a huge collective drive to improve our understanding and management of humanity’s impact on our oceans through the myriad of commitments and efforts inspired by the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals and Decade of Ocean Science. The new MSC Fisheries Standard will be instrumental in delivering this change. By distilling science, knowledge and best practice into a tangible set of requirements for fisheries, this Standard provides one of the most powerful tools we have to ensure a sustainable future for our fisheries and oceans.
“Today’s announcement is the culmination of hundreds of contributions from scientists, fisheries experts, conservationists, businesses, governments and many others. We are hugely grateful to all those who have provided input and insight into the review so far. We look forward to receiving feedback.”
Contributing to the review
Other proposals available to review include those relating to harvest strategies and control rules as well as habitat and ecosystem requirements. The full draft MSC Fisheries Standard is available online at msc.org. Anyone interested in finding out more about the changes is also invited to attend a public webinar on 15 February to speak with members of the MSC’s Fisheries Standard Team.
The MSC Board of Trustees will make the final decision to approve the new Standard in June 2022.